Birds of prey in Finland

29 different nesting birds of prey species, of which 14 are endangered, are encountered regularly in Finland:

Critically endangered (CR) 

  • black kite
  • Montagu’s harrier
  • greater spotted eagle
  • gyrfalcon
  • snowy owl    

Endangered (EN)

  • pallid harrier
  • European honey buzzard
  • rough-legged buzzard
  • northern eagle owl

Vulnerable (VU)

  • hen harrier
  • common buzzard
  • golden eagle
  • peregrine falcon
  • Eurasian pygmy owl


The near threatened (NT) species include the northern goshawk and boreal owl. Nowadays the osprey, white-tailed eagle and Ural owl are included in the Least Concern (LC) category. The nesting populations of the species in that category are monitored annually. 

The results from monitoring the national birds of prey show that when examined during a longer period of time, the nesting populations of several birds of prey species is decreasing at a concerning rate. The birds of prey research is looking for the reasons behind this change. 


European Honey Buzzard:

Eurasian Buzzard:

Boreal Owl:

Source: Finnish Museum of Natural History Luomus, bird of prey monitoring, Heidi Björklund

Sääksisäätiö - Finnish Osprey Foundation

PL 71, 13211 Hämeenlinna, Finland
 +358 500 306904

Sääksikeskus - Osprey Center

Pohtiolammentie 64, 32670 Kangasala, Finland
 +358 40 528 3030